Terrorism and extremism
There is broad agreement on the core meaning of the term ‘terrorism’, but considerable disagreement about its delimitation.
Terrorism can be seen as strategic actions in which violence or threat of violence is used to create fear, gain attention for a cause, or coerce another party to give in to certain demands. The aim is to achieve effects on others beside the direct victims or targets of the violence. Some analysts reserve the term for non-state actors, while others include state terrorism. Some define acts as terrorism only if the actions are directed at civilian targets, while others include all non-combatants (including military targets not involved in the combat). At NUPI, research on terrorism has concentrated especially on the European rim from North Africa to the Caucasus region, and our main instrument for this research is the research programme the Terror Consortium.
Some questions we seek to answer:
- What are the linkages between terrorism, organized crime, weak states and new forms of organized violence?
- How to distinguish between terrorists and freedom fighters?
- What are the political implications of how the various insurgence groups are defined?
News about terrorism and extremism
19 Dec 2019
PREVEX will shed light on how the various drivers of violent extremism operate.
2 Oct 2019
NUPI had the pleasure of hosting David H. Petraeus on 30. September. The four-star General (Ret) and former director of CIA shared his insights and prognosis for the geopolitical landscape ahead at the event entitled “Global Security Threats and Western Responses”.
30 Aug 2019
Turkey's Foreign Minister H.E. Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu visited NUPI on Friday August 30th.
Publications about terrorism and extremism
: Academic article
2020In March 2015, in the midst of a political transition, Tunisia was rocked by a terrorist attack at the Bardo Museum in downtown Tunis in which 21 people were killed. How did Tunisian journalists manage the tension between a heightened sense of insecurity and the country’s uncertain democratic development?...
: Academic article
2019Over the past several years, right-wing extremists have begun to proliferate in Georgia and their visibility has noticeably increased. More recently, far right groups even announced plans to form a joint party, the National Front, which will “take part in absolutely all political processes.” This policy...
Research projects about terrorism and extremism
Foto: Jørn Rune Buljo/NUPI
JOINT EFFORT: To receive project funding from the EU's research programme H2020 is quite the accomplishment. These five succeeded, and is, together with NUPI colleagues Tine Gade and Kjetil Selvik as well as an international team of partners, ready to start working on the PREVEX project. From left: Kari Osland (Senior Research Fellow), Morten Bøås (project initiatior and Research Professor), Pernille Rieker (Research Professor), Andrea Myhrbraaten (Advisor) and Henriette U. Erstad (Research Fellow). Bård Drange, former NUPI employee, now PhD candidate at PRIO, was also part of the team who drafted the application.
Preventing Violent Extremism in the Balkans and the MENA: Strengthening Resilience in Enabling Environments (PREVEX)2020 - 2023 (Ongoing)
The overarching objective of PREVEX is to put forward more fine-tuned and effective approaches to preventing violent extremism.
2019 - 2020 (Ongoing)
COMFEAR aims to identify key issues of common concern and shared threats as perceived by publics and policymakers in Czechia and Norway.
Foto: NTB Scanpix
2018 - 2021 (Ongoing)
What forms of authority underpin, enable, and extend violent entrepreneurs in fragile states, and how do the combined effects of fragile states, conflict, and climate impact this?