States typically rely on a broad array of actors - firms, non-governmental organisations and international organisations - to produce assessments of how to prevent and mitigate financial, climate, cyber, and security risks. While some topics - like international security - are firmly in the hands of state intelligence agencies, other issue areas - like climate, financial, and cyber security - are dominated by non-state actors.
We want to know what types of actors states rely on to provide risk assessments, how these actors operate, and whether these actors´risk assessments systematically shape state behaviour in particular directions. We want to know whether the sum-total of these non-state actors make up a global "market" for the production of risk assessments and attendant policy responses. And we want to know whether there are systematic differences between types of states - great power/small powers, democratic/authoritarian, open/closed - in how risks are assessed and acted upon.
The Research Council of Norway