This project will analyse the provision of three core state functions: security, welfare, and representation.
The project has two key components. First, we will map the nature of slum dwellers' relations with the state. Does the state provide security and welfare services and channels for political representation? Do the urban poor utilise services provided by the state? Do they seek protection from the state against local oppressors? Or do they seek to avoid the state altogether? What is the role of non-state actors relative to the state in urban slums in terms of security, welfare, and representation? Are there differences between men and women in terms of how they view and relate to the state?
Second, we will seek to explain the nature of these relations. Why are relations between the urban poor and the state they way they are? Which factors can best account for the nature of these relations, and the variations in these relations between the three cities?
Sanjay Kumar, Centre for the Study of Developing Societies, CSDS (India)
Patrick Bond, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Centre for Civil Society (South Africa)
Tiberius Barasa, Africa Public Policy Institute (Kenya)
Michael Williams, University of Ottawa, Graduate School of Public and International Affairs (Canada)